Glossary

0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Rashkind manoeuvre/procedure
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(e.g. with transposition of the great vessels) to improve mixing of blood, the oval foramen between the atria is artificially distended using a balloon catheter

Rastelli operation
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Insertion of a valved conduit between the outlet of the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery. Closure of the septal defect with a patch and diversion of blood from the left ventricle to the aorta (e.g. in certain types of transposition of the great vessels with ventricular septal defect or pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect)

Reanimation
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Revival using cardiac massage and ventilation

Relapse/recurrent
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Re-occurrence of an illness

Reoperation
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Further surgery following one or more previous operations

Resection
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Exsection; surgical reduction or removal

Residues
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A remainder, following removal of other substances e.g. after an operation

Respirator
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Breathing apparatus, machine used to generate artificial respiration in patients unable to breathe for themselves, or that have to be ventilated during an operation

Restenosis
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Recurrent constriction of a valve or vessel following previous repair

Rest gradient
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Pressure difference remaining after correction; measured in mm HG

Restrictive cardiomyopathy
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Distinct form of cardiomyopathy with excessive rigidity of the ventricular walls and endocardial fibrosis

Retardation
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Delayed development

Right-to-left shunt
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E.g. in heart defects. Narrowing of the pulmonary artery causes the right ventricle to press some of the deoxygenated blood through the septal wall defect into the left ventricle and therefore into the systemic circulation. Cyanosis occurs due to the mixing of oxygenated with deoxygenated blood.  Can also be caused by an atrial septal defect.

Right heart catheter
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See cardiac catheterisation

Ross operation
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Surgical procedure with severe aortic valve disease: the aortic valve is replaced by the patient’s own pulmonal valve (autograft). A homograft or an artificial valve replaces the pulmonal valve

RR
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Abbreviation of Riva Rocci. Method of measuring blood pressure using a cuff and auscultation and used as a synonym for blood pressure (e.g. RR = 110/80 mm Hg)

Rubella embryopathy
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Congenital abnormality with developmental disorders, especially of the eye, ear and heart, caused by maternal rubella during pregnancy

RVOT
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Right ventricular outflow tract

RVOTO
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Right ventricular outflow tract obstruction

RVOT patch
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Extension of the connection between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery using a synthetic patch

Author(s): Kinderherzstiftung, Prof. Dr. Elisabeth Sticker, Hermine Nock
Last updated: 2009-04-28